by Mark Schniepp
July 8, 2019
On July 1, the U.S. economy quietly “celebrated” the longest consecutive spell of economic growth on record: 10 years and one month. The expansion officially started in mid-2009, following the horrific Great Recession, and no end is currently in sight.
We have already experienced the longest bull market on record in stocks during the expansion, and we continue to set a new record every month for continued positive job creation.
The current 121-month growth cycle edges out the previous record expansion of the 1990s that ended with the start of the 2001 recession, after 120 expansive months.
Everyone says that while the length of the expansion is remarkable, the strength of the expansion is not, and has in fact represented the slowest rate of growth over the last 70 years averaging 2.3 percent per year since 2009.
But it’s clear from the chart that the nation has shifted to a new growth path of GDP during economic expansions. Is growth really lackluster, or has it merely been replaced with the understanding that today’s $20 trillion economy won’t likely grow as fast as the $7 trillion economy that prevailed in 1975?
The 2 Percent Economy
We’ve been in a 2 percent per year expansion for 10 years. But so what? What’s to criticize? We are at full employment. Wages are rising faster than the rate of inflation. Inflation is historically low. Interest rates are historically low. Your car payment is low. If you financed a home purchase between 2010 and 2015, your house payment is low. If you already owned a home before that, your payments are probably even lower.
Technology has given you extraordinary freedom with smart cell phones and you are connected to everything and everybody practically 24 hours a day. Uber has become pervasive and is one of your best friends, and Amazon delivers you everything you need in 2 days or less. All this has occurred during the 2 percent economic expansion.
The End is Near
There have been numerous predictions of the onset of recession over the last 5 years, but no real consensus. And sure enough, the economy marched on. There is now a growing consensus that economic growth will slow from this moment on, ultimately manifesting in a recession.
A poll by the National Association of Business Economists in May showed that 60 percent of respondents expect a recession next year, even though there is not much evidence that economic conditions are weakening yet.
Corporate profits have weakened, but the stock market continues to set new record highs (the most recent record occurred on July 3, 2019).
Housing has weakened in all regions of the U.S., but home prices continue to rise, and the recent sharp decline in mortgage rates has produced another refinancing boom.
The trade war is not helping U.S. manufacturing, but the trade war alone is unlikely to push the nation’s economy into negative growth, unless tariffs and counter-tariffs suddenly escalate. This however is a low probability scenario. Even so, the Fed is poised to cut rates given this possibility (or other signs of weakness), and this would boost the outlook for rate-sensitive sectors including housing and automobiles.
The dreaded flattening of the yield curve has now become more worrisome because the spread between the 3-month and 10-year treasury yield has been negative for more than 6 consecutive weeks. A negative spread lasting a quarter or two is nearly a certain predictor of recession, though eminent doom is often a year or more away.
We have been reporting extensively in recent months on the U.S. labor markets, the housing market, interest rates, and the possibility of recession. We’ve been on a vigilant recession watch for over a year. But the aggregate indicators are either not breaking down or not breaking down enough for us to sound the alarm. And many indicators like the stock market, the labor market, and consumer spending continue to show unprecedented strength.
The California Economic Forecast is an economic consulting firm that produces commentary and analysis on the U.S. and California economies. The firm specializes in economic forecasts and economic impact studies, and is available to make timely, compelling, informative and entertaining economic presentations to large or small groups.